The Description of Parents' Knowledge in Modifying Food Ingredients in Efforts to Prevent Stunting in Children in the Tugusari Agricultural Area

  • Antonio Rudolfo Universitas Jember, Indonesia
  • Ira Rahmawati University of Jember, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9090-0800
  • Peni Perdani Julianingrum Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Jember, Indonesia
Keywords: khowledge, stunting, food modification

Abstract

Stunting is one of the health problems, especially problems in the growth process that occurs in children caused by several causative factors including maternal factors, infant factors, economic factors, socio-cultural factors, and so on. The high incidence of nutritional diseases, especially stunting, is closely related to the level of nutrient intake given to children, especially in the first thousand days of life. The adverse effects that can be caused by nutritional problems in the toddler period in the long term are such as disruption of the brain, intelligence, physical growth disorders, and metabolic disorders in the body so that it can increase the risk of children experiencing lagging behind other children both physically and cognitively. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of parents' knowledge in modifying food ingredients in an effort to prevent stunting in children. In this study, the design used was descriptive observational. The population in this study were parents who had children under five (6-24 months) in the agricultural area of ​​Tugusari Village with a total of 67 mothers of toddlers. The sampling technique used by researchers was to use non-probability sampling techniques, namely purposive sampling with a total sample obtained of 57 respondents. Then for data collection techniques carried out through distributing questionnaires to respondents directly. The results of this study are the knowledge of parents in modifying food ingredients in an effort to prevent stunting in the Tugusari agricultural area in the moderate category, because the highest percentage of respondents' knowledge level is in the moderate knowledge category with a total of 38 people (66.7%), while the number of respondents with good knowledge category is 13 people (22.8%), and respondents with poor knowledge category have the least percentage value, totaling 6 people (10.5%). The conclusion of this study is that the majority of parents or research respondents already know enough about food modifications, especially complementary foods that will be given by mothers to each of their children in an effort to prevent stunting.

Stunting is one of the health problems, especially problems in the growth process that occurs in children caused by several causative factors including maternal factors, infant factors, economic factors, socio-cultural factors, and so on. The high incidence of nutritional diseases, especially stunting, is closely related to the level of nutrient intake given to children, especially in the first thousand days of life. The adverse effects that can be caused by nutritional problems in the toddler period in the long term are such as disruption of the brain, intelligence, physical growth disorders, and metabolic disorders in the body so that it can increase the risk of children experiencing lagging behind other children both physically and cognitively. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of parents' knowledge in modifying food ingredients in an effort to prevent stunting in children. In this study, the design used was descriptive observational. The population in this study were parents who had children under five (6-24 months) in the agricultural area of ​​Tugusari Village with a total of 67 mothers of toddlers. The sampling technique used by researchers was to use non-probability sampling techniques, namely purposive sampling with a total sample obtained of 57 respondents. Then for data collection techniques carried out through distributing questionnaires to respondents directly. The results of this study are the knowledge of parents in modifying food ingredients in an effort to prevent stunting in the Tugusari agricultural area in the moderate category, because the highest percentage of respondents' knowledge level is in the moderate knowledge category with a total of 38 people (66.7%), while the number of respondents with good knowledge category is 13 people (22.8%), and respondents with poor knowledge category have the least percentage value, totaling 6 people (10.5%). The conclusion of this study is that the majority of parents or research respondents already know enough about food modifications, especially complementary foods that will be given by mothers to each of their children in an effort to prevent stunting.

References

Apri Sulistianingsih, D. A. M. Y. 2016. Kurangnya asupan makan sebagai penyebab kejadian balita pendek ( stunting ). Jurnal Dunia Kesehatan. 5(1):71–75.

Apriluana, G. dan S. Fikawati. 2018. Analisis faktor-faktor risiko terhadap kejadian stunting pada balita (0-59 bulan) di negara berkembang dan asia tenggara. Media Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. 28(4):247–256.

Beal, T., A. Tumilowicz, A. Sutrisna, D. Izwardy, dan L. M. Neufeld. 2018. A review of child stunting determinants in indonesia. Maternal and Child Nutrition. 14(4):1–10.

Hendriadi, A. 2020. Kegiatan dan strategi program ketahanan pangan untuk mendukung percepatan pencegahanan stunting. 10.

Iskandar, I. 2017. Pengaruh pemberian makanan tambahan modifikasi terhadap status gizi balita. AcTion: Aceh Nutrition Journal. 2(2):120.

Jayanti, E. N. 2015. Hubungan antara pola asuh gizi dan konsumsi makanan dengan kejadian stunting pada anak balita usia 6-24 bulan

Kemenkes RI. 2018. Buletin stunting. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 301(5):1163–1178.

Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 2018. Cegah stunting, itu penting. Pusat Data Dan Informasi, Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 1–27.

Mahadewi, I. G. A. 2021. A critical review of stunting , risk factors and prevention on toddlers in indonesia. 3(2):58–61.

Mardalena, I. dan E. Suyani. 2016. Keperawatan ilmu gizi. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 182.

Markowitz, D. L. dan S. Cosminsky. 2005. Overweight and stunting in migrant hispanic children in the usa. Economics and Human Biology. 3(2 SPEC. ISS.):215–240.

Mediani, H. S. 2020. Predictors of stunting among children under five year of age in indonesia: a scoping review. Global Journal of Health Science. 12(8):83.

Merina, D., E. A. Septiyono, dan A. P. Arum. 2021. Keripik kelor ( moringa oleifera ) sebagai produk unggulan desa klampokan , bondowoso , jawa timur dalam mencegah stunting kelor ( moringa oleifera ) chips as a leading product of klampokan village , bondowoso , west java in preventing stunting. 5(3):274–281.

Nasar, S. S. 2013. Buku acara simposium & workshop ilmu nutrisi anak. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. 53(9):1689–1699.

Of, U., A. Products, F. O. R. The, P. S. Through, E. Health, C. In, dan J. District. 2020. DARMABAKTI cendekia : utilization of agricultural products for the empowering health cadres in jember district. 02:9–14.

Prakhasita, R. C. 2018. Hubungan pola pemberian makan dengan kejadian stunting pada balita usia 12-59 bulan di wilayah kerja puskesmas tambak wedi surabaya. Skripsi. 1–119.

Rasni, H., T. Susanto, K. Rosyidi, M. Nur, N. Anoegrajekti, D. K. Komunitas, dan F. Keperawatan. 2019. Pengembangan budaya masak abereng dalam peningkatan status gizi balita stunting di desa glagahwero , kecamatan panti , kabupaten jember dengan pendekatan agronursing. 1(2):121–129.

Shodikin, M. A. 2020. Digital repository universitas jember apa itu stunting ? digital repository universitas jember

Sulistyaningsih, E., P. Dewanti, dan P. W. Pralampita. 2019. Peningkatan kemampuan dan kemandirian pengentasan stunting melalui pemberdayaan petani desa sukogidri kecamatan ledokombo jember. Warta Pengabdian. 13(1):22.

Waifti Amalia1*), I. A. D. S. 2020. Efektifitas terapi pemberian makanan tambahan ( pmt ) modifikasi terhadap pertumbuhan balita usia 1-3 tahun. Conference on Innovation and Application of Science and Technology (CIASTECH 2020). (Ciastech):987–994.

Notoatmodjo. 2012. Promosi Kesehatan Dan Perilaku Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT Rinneka Cipta

Kemenkes RI. 2014. Bahan Ajar Rekam Medis Dan Informasi Kesehatan (RMIK): Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI.

Nursalam. 2017. Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan: Pendekatan Praktis Edisi Keempat. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Aritonang, E. A., Margawati, A., & Dieny, F. F. (2020). Analisa Pengeluaran Pangan, Ketahanan Pangan dan Asupan Zat Gizi Anak Bawah Dua Tahun (Baduta) Sebagai Faktor Resiko Stunting. Journal of Nutrition Collage. 9(1) 71-80

Wardani, D. W., Suharmanto. S., & Wulandari. M. (2020). Hubungan Faktor Sosial Ekonomi dan Ketahanan Pangam Terhadap Kejadian Stunting Pada Balita. Journal Kesehatan, 11(2), 287-293.

Dewey, K. G., (2020). Reducing Child Stunting: Moving Forward On Evaluating Effectiveness Of Program. The Journal Of Nitrition, 150(11), 2843-2845

Tanjung, C., Prawitasari, T., & Sjarif, D. R. (2020). Komentar Pada "Stunting Bukan Sinonim Malnutrisi". Jurnal Nutrisi Klinis Eropa, 74(3), 527-528

World Health Organization. 2014. Global Nutrition Targets 2025: Stunting Police Brief. WHO

SEKWAPRES RI. 2017. 100 Kabupaten/Kota Prioritas Untuk Intervensi Anak Kerdil (Stunting). Jakarta: SWPRI.

Choliq, I., Nasrullah, D., & Mundakir, M. (2021). Pencegahan Stunting Di Medokan Semampir Surabaya Melalui Modifikasi Makanan Pada Anak. Jurnal Humanism: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 1(i).

Merina, N. D., Susanto, T., & Septiyono, E. A. (2021). Strategy To Reduce Stunting Children Through Exploration Of Mother's Experience. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 5(1), 19-25.

Ardiana, A., Affandi, A., & dkk. (2020). Utilization Of Agricultural Products For The Management And Prevention Stunting Through Empowering Health Cadres In Jember District. Journal Of Community Service and Engagemnets. 2(1), 9-14.

Widiyanti, D. S., Fauzi, R., & Afarona, A. (2021). Penanggulangan Masalah Stunting Balita Melalui Pemberian Makanan Tambahan (PMT) Puding Kelor Di Desa Kutogirang. Jurnal Pengabdian Siliwangi. 7(2).

Purnamasari, D. U., Dardjito, E., & Kusnandar, K. (2016). Hubungan Jumlah Anggota Keluarga, Pengetahuan Gizi Ibu Dan Tingkat Konsumsi Energi Dengan Status Gizi Anak Sekolah Dasar. Kesmas Indonesia, 8(2), 49-56.

Khairunnisa, C. K. C., & Ghinanda, R. S. (2022). Hubungan Karakteristik Ibu Dengan Status Gizi Balita Usia 6-24 Bulan Di Puskesmas Banda Sakti Tahun 2021. Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, 6(1), 3436-3444.

Khotimah, H., & Sutedjo, H. A. (2014). Kajian Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu, Tingkat Pendapatan, Tingkat Pendidikan dan Jumlah Anggota Keluarga Berkaitan dengan Status Gizi Balita di Kecamatan Sedati dan Kecamatan Wonoayu Kabupaten Sidoarjo. Surabaya: Universitas Negeri Surabaya.

Puspasari, N., & Andriani, M. (2017). Hubungan pengetahuan ibu tentang gizi dan asupan makan balita dengan status gizi balita (BB/U) usia 12-24 bulan. Amerta Nutrition, 1(4), 369-378.

Khotimah, H., & Kuswandi, K. (2015). Hubungan karakteristik ibu dengan status gizi balita di desa sumur bandung kecamatan cikulur kabupaten lebak tahun 2013. Jurnal Obstretika Scienta, 2(1), 55-73.

Sugiarto, L. K. (2021). GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN IBU TENTANG MODIFIKASI MPASI DAN STATUS GIZI BADUTA USIA 6-23 BULAN DI DESA SUMBERAGUNG, JETIS, BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA (Doctoral dissertation, Poltekkes Kemenkes Yogyakarta).

Setyorini, D. Y. 2017. Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Ibu Dengan Perilaku Pemberian Nutrisi Pada Balita Di Desa Kemuning, Kecamatan Arjasa, Kabupaten Jember. Skripsi, Universitas Jember.

Published
2022-12-05
How to Cite
1.
Rudolfo A, Ira Rahmawati, Peni Perdani Julianingrum. The Description of Parents’ Knowledge in Modifying Food Ingredients in Efforts to Prevent Stunting in Children in the Tugusari Agricultural Area. nhs [Internet]. 2022Dec.5 [cited 2023Jan.28];2(4):336-43. Available from: http://nhs-journal.com/index.php/nhs/article/view/183