The Description of Elderly Physical Activity during COVID-19 Pandemic in Nursing Home of Banyuwangi

Keywords: physical activity, the covid-19, pandemic, elderly


The elderly experience limitations in carrying out physical activities during the COVID-19 pandemic which can reduce the welfare of the elderly. Due to the aging process, physiological changes and decreased immune function in the elderly make the elderly group a group with a high risk of exposure to COVID-19. The purpose of this study was to describe the physical activity of the elderly in the Nursing Home of Banyuwangi. Descriptive quantitative research was performed among 32 elders in May 2021. A self-administered questionnaire was used to identify characteristics of the elderly and their physical activity with the Physical Activity Scale for Elderly (PASE). The One-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov’s test was used to reach the goal of this study. The result shows that the physical activity of the elderly didn’t significantly change during the pandemic t = 0,119; p-value 0,200. It can be concluded that there is no significant change in elders’ physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Adisiwi, Y. ulfia, Aini Susumaningrum, L., Susanto, T., Rasni, H., Kurdi, F., Dewi Qudsyiyah, R., & Nasikhin, K. (2021). The Description of Quality of Life of Elderly During the Pandemic COVID-19 at Nursing Home of Bondowoso. Nursing and Health Sciences Journal (NHSJ), 1(3), 231-236.

Bjelica, B. (2021). Sports and Recreational Activities and Their Impact on The Quality of Living of The Elderly. Sport and Health, (April), 4–11.

Bruton, A. G., Villanueva, D. N., Gomez, J. P., Maldonado, S. V., Gesteiro, E., Gusi, N., … Rodriguez, G. V. (2020). The Effects of Age, Organized Physical Activity and Sedentarism on Fitness in Older Adults: An 8-year Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(12), 1–17.

Corley, J., Okely, J. A., Taylor, A. M., Page, D., Welstead, M., Skarabela, B., … Russ, T. C. (2021). Home Garden Use During COVID-19: Associations With Physical and Mental Wellbeing in Older Adults. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 73(December 2020), 101545.

Cunningham, C., & O’ Sullivan, R. (2020). Why Physical Activity Matters for Older Adults in A Time Of Pandemic. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 17(1), 17–20.

Eliopoulus, C. (2018). Gerontological Nursing (Ninth Edition). China: Wolters Kluwer.

Goethals, L., Barth, N., Guyot, J., Hupin, D., Celarier, T., & Bongue, B. (2020). Impact of Home Quarantine on Physical Activity Among Older Adults Living At Home During The COVID-19 Pandemic: Qualitative Interview Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(5).

Indarwati, R. (2020). Lindungi Lansia dari Covid-19. Jurnal Keperawatan Komunitas, 5(1), 2020.

Jain, S., & Kumar, S. (2017). Late-life Engagement After Retirement: Implications For Psychological Well-Being and Distress in Elderly. Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing, 8(6), 525–529. Retrieved from

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2020. Hindari Lansia dari COVID-19. [Accessed 20 December 2020].

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2021. Peta Sebaran COVID-19. [Accessed 13 January 2021].

Kemenkes, R. (2016). Sustamycin and tetrabid: slow-release tetracyclines. In R. Kementerian Kesehatan (Ed.), Infodatin Situasi Lanjut Usia (Lansia) di Indonesia. Jakarta.

Kim, J., K. Byon, K., & Kim, J. (2021). Leisure Activities, Happiness, Life Satisfaction, and Health Perception of Older Korean Adults. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 23(2), 155–166.

Kobayashi, E., Sugihara, Y., Fukaya, T., & Liang, J. (2019). Volunteering Among Japanese Older Adults: How Are Hours of Paid Work and Unpaid Work For Family Associated With Volunteer Participation? Ageing and Society, 39(11), 2420–2442.

Malone, M. L., Hogan, T. M., Perry, A., Biese, K., Bonner, A., Pagel, P., & Unroe, K. T. (2020). COVID-19 in Older Adults: Key Points for Emergency Department Providers. Journal of Geriatric, 1(4), 1–11. Retrieved from

Nisa, L. F., Aini, L., & Rosyidi, K. (2019). The Relationship Between the Ability To Perform Activities of Daily Living With Risk for Falls Among Older Adults in Tresna Werdha Social Service Banyuwangi. Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan (Journal of Nursing Science), 7(2), 167–175.

Nuraini,B. A., Susumaningrum, L. A., Susanto, T., Rasni, H., & Kurdi, F. (2021). The Description of Elderly Social Interaction during COVID-19 Pandemic in Nursing Home of Jember. Nursing and Health Sciences Journal (NHSJ), 1(2), 100-106.

Pant, S., & Subedi, M. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on The Elderly. Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences, 7(2), 32–38.

Pitt-catsouphes, M., Mcnamara, T., James, J., & Halvorsen, C. (2017). The Palgrave Handbook of Age Diversity and Work. The Palgrave Handbook of Age Diversity and Work.

Radwan, E., Radwan, A., & Radwan, W. (2020). Challenges Facing Older Adults during the COVID-19 Outbreak. European Journal of Environment and Public Health, 5(1), 1–6.

Saftarina, F., & Rabbaniyah, F. (2016). Hubungan Senam Lansia terhadap Kualitas Hidup Lansia yang Menderita Hipertensi di Klinik HC UMMI Kedaton Bandar Lampung Correlation Between Elderly Gymnastic With Quality of Life The Elderly Who Suffering Hypertension in Clinic HC UMMI Kedaton Bandar Lamp. Jurnal JK Unila, 1(2), 336–341.

Sasaki, S., Sato, A., Tanabe, Y., Matsuoka, S., Adachi, A., Kayano, T., … Watanabe, T. (2021). Associations Between Socioeconomic Status, Social Participation, and Physical Activity In Older People During The COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study In A Northern Japanese city. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(4), 1–10.

Shahid, Z., Kalayanamitra, R., McClafferty, B., Kepko, D., Ramgobin, D., Patel, R., … Jain, R. (2020). COVID-19 and Older Adults: What We Know. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 68(5), 926–929.

Stockwell, S., Trott, M., Tully, M., Shin, J., Barnett, Y., Butler, L., … Smith, L. (2021). Changes in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviours from Before to During the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown: A Systematic Review. BMJ Open Sport and Exercise Medicine, 7(1), 1–8.

Surti, Candrawari, E., & Warsono. (2017). Hubungan antara Karakteristik Lanjut Usia dengan Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Aktivitas Fisik Lansia di Kelurahan Tlogomas Kota Malang. Journal Nursing News, 2(1), 103–111.

Suryadinata, R. V., Wirjatmadi, B., Adriani, M., & Lorensia, A. (2020). Effect of Age and Weight on Physical Activity. Journal of Public Health Research, 9(2), 187–190.

Touhy, T. A., & Jett, K. F. (2014). Ebersole & Hess, Gerontological Nursing & Healthy Aging. In Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling (Vol. 53).

United Nations. (2020). Policy Brief : The Impact of COVID-19 on Older Persons. In United Nations Sustainable Development Group.

WHO. 2021. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. [Accessed 13 January 2021].

Wijaya, N. K., Ulfiana, E., & Wahyuni, S. D. (2020). Hubungan Karakteristik Individu, Aktivitas Fisik, dan Gaya Hidup dengan Tingkat Kebugaran Fisik pada Lansia. Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing, 4(2), 46.

Woods, J. A., Hutchinson, N. T., Powers, S. K., Roberts, W. O., Gomez-Cabrera, M. C., Radak, Z., … Ji, L. L. (2020). The COVID-19 Pandemic and Physical Activity. Sports Medicine and Health Science, 2(2), 55–64.

How to Cite
Rojannah F, Susumaningrum LA, Susanto T, Rasni H, Kurdi F. The Description of Elderly Physical Activity during COVID-19 Pandemic in Nursing Home of Banyuwangi. NHSJ [Internet]. 2022Dec.5 [cited 2024Jun.25];2(4):325-31. Available from: