Implementation of Intravenous Catheter Treatment to Prevent Phlebitis: A Cross-Sectional Study
Peripheral vein cannulation is commonly performed for rapid and accurate administration of medications. Phlebitis is the most common complication of intravenous catheter insertion. This study aims to investigate the implementation of intravenous catheter care to prevent phlebitis that was implied on a patient's cannulation conditions. This study was a cross sectional observational study conducted on patients at a hospital in Bali. Study conducted on 35 patients who were admitted to inpatient ward of the hospital in April 2022. The factors studied were age, gender, site of insertion, precision of dressing, dressing integrity, date on dressing, administration set integrity, date on administration set, and VIP score documentation. The results show that the mean age of the patient was 45.31 years old and 60% of the patients were men. 48,6% cannula was inserted in the movement area (wrist and ankle) while only 51,4% dressing was used properly so cannulation sites can be observed. All dressing were intact, dry and clean, but only 48.6% cannulation date documented on the dressing. Majority the administration sets were in good performance (94.3%) but there were only 31,4% with the installation date. The monitoring of peripheral vein cannulation using VIP score has not been widely applied (11,4%). Further intervention is needed to improve adherence to peripheral vein cannulation care so that phlebitis can be prevented optimally.
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